What is Conventions of British and its sources?

Conventions of British Constitution:

British Constitution has not been made during some meetings of Parliament. To assume the present form. British constitution has passed through different stages of evolution. During this evolution, some conventions have been incorporated in British Constitution. These conventions make an important part of British Constitution.

(i) Definition of Conventions:

Conventions of British Constitution are those customs and traditions, which have been continuously observed and most of the work of British government has depended upon them. These customs and traditions have been evolved either for the rulers and government to exercise their powers or for public authorities to regulate their activities.

(ii) Main Features Of Conventions:

Followings are main features of conventions of British Constitution:

(a) Origin

(b) Recognition

(c) Observance

(d) Not-alterable

(e) Different from Law

(f) Source of British Constitution

(g) Unwritten part of British Constitution

 

(a) Origin:

Conventions of British Constitution have been originated and evolved from customs and traditions.

(b) Recognition:

Conventions of British Constitution are not recognized by courts in Great Britain.

 (c) Observance:

Conventions of British Constitution are observed because they are part of British legal system and because public cannot tolerate their violation. Shortly speaking, two forces i.e. force of law and public opinion work behind observance of these conventions.

(d) Not-alterable:

An important feature of conventions of British Constitution is that they cannot be altered or changed.

 (e) Different From Law

Another feature of conventions of British Constitution is that they are different from law. Usually laws are made by legislature and are enforced through decisions of courts. Contrary to this, conventions are not made and enforced in such manner

(f) Source of British Constitution:

Another feature of conventions of British Constitution is that they are an important source of British Constitution.

 (g) Unwritten Part of British Constitution:

These conventions are in unwritten form. Thus, they are unwritten part of British Constitution.

 (iii) Examples of Conventions of British Constitution:

 Following can be presented as examples of conventions of British Constitution:

(a) Prime Minister from House of Commons

(b) Making of British Cabinet

(c) Position of Speaker of House of Commons

(d) Money Bill

(e) Resignation of Prime Minister & his/her cabinet

(f) Dissolution of Parliament

(g) Royal assent for Bills

 

 (a) Prime Minister From House of Commons:

It is a convention that Prime Minister is always from House of Commons.۔

(b) Making of British Cabinet:

It is another convention that British King/Queen invites the leader of majority party in the House of Commons to form cabinet.

 (c) Pusnion of Speaker of House of Commons:

According to convention. Speaker of the House of Commons is above party politics.

(d) Money Bill:

It is a convention that all the money bills are firstly presented in the House of Commons and not in House of Lords.

(e) Resignation of Prime Minister & His/Her Cabinet:

It is a convention that Prime Minister and his/her cabinet resign, if Prime Minister and his cabinet loose confidence of British Parliament.

(f) Dissolution of House of Commons:

It is also a convention that Prime Minister can ask for dissolution of House of Commons through British King/Queen, if Prime Minister and his/her cabinet lose confidence of British Parliament.

(g) Royal Assent For Bills:

According to convention, all the bills, which are passed by Parliament, are sent to British King/Queen for Royal assent.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

B i l a l - T a h i r