What is the purpose of enactment of IRO 2002 and its scope?

(1) Introduction

It was since 18th and 19th centuries that major agrarian and rural societies started changing into industrial and urban societies. All this happened due to industrial revolution. Such industrial revolution caused industrial and technical development. No-doubt, world has enjoyed many benefits of this development. But this development has also caused some problems. For example, there emerged problems between employers and workers. To settle these problems, different laws have been enforced in different countries. In Pakistan, there are some laws to regulate relations between employers and workers. Industrial Relations Ordinance of 2002 was also enforced for this purpose.

(2) Purpose Of Industrial Relations Ordinance

Relationship between employer and workers or their representatives is called industrial relation. Main purpose of Industrial Relations Ordinance was to regulate relations between employers and workmen in Pakistan.

(3) Scope Of Industrial Relations Ordinance

Following points are important for explanation of scope of this ordinance:

(i) Trade unions

(ii) Relations between employers & workmen

(iii) Avoidance of differences or disputes

(iv) Settlement of differences or disputes

(v) Application

(vi) Non-application

(i) Trade Unions

This ordinance was to amend, consolidate and rationalize law about formation of trade unions.

(ii) Relations Between Employers & Workmen

This ordinance was to amend, consolidate and rationalize law about regulation and improvement of relations between employers and workmen.

(iii) Avoidance Of Differences Or Disputes

This ordinance was to amend, consolidate and rationalize law about avoidance of any differences or disputes between employers and workmen.

(iv) Settlement Of Differences Or Disputes

This ordinance was to amend, consolidate and rationalize law about settlement of any differences or disputes between employers and workmen.

(v) Application

It was to be applied to all those persons, who were employed in any establishment or group of establishments or industry.

(vi) Non-application

It could not be applied to following persons:

(a) Police or Defense Service of Pakistan

(b) Armed Forces of Pakistan

(c) Pakistan Security Printing Corporation or Security Papers Limited or Pakistan Mint

(d) In administration of state

(e) Sick, infirm, destitute & mentally unfit persons

(f) Payment of employees’ old-age pensions or workers’ welfare

(g) Oil refinery or establishment

(h) Seaport or airport

 

(a) Police Or Defence Service Of Pakistan

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed in Police or any of Defence Services of Pakistan.

(b) Armed Forces Of Pakistan

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed in any installations or services, which were exclusively connected with Armed Forces of Pakistan including Ministry of Defence lines of Railways.

(c) Pakistan Security Printing Corporation Or Security Papers Limited Or Pakistan Mint

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed by Pakistan Security Printing Corporation or Security Papers Limited or Pakistan Mint.

(d) In Administration Of State

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed in administration of the State. Such persons were other than those, who were employed as workmen by Railways, Post, Telegraph and Telephone Departments.

(e) Sick, Infirm, Destitute & Mentally Unfit Persons

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed by an establishment or institution, which was maintained for treatment or care of sick, infirm, destitute and mentally unfit persons. However, those establishments or institutions, which ran on commercial basis, were excluded.

(f) Payment Of Employees’ Old-Age Pensions Or Workers’ Welfare

It could not be applied to those persons, who were employed by an institution, which was established for payment of employees’ old-age pensions or for workers’ welfare.

(g) Oil Refinery Or Establishment

It could not be applied to that person, who was employed as a member of Watch and Ward, Security or Fire Service Staff of an oil refinery or of an establishment, which was engaged in production, transmission or distribution of natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas or petroleum products.

(h) Seaport Or Airport

‘It could not be applied to that person, who was employed as a member of Watch and Ward, Security or Fire Service Staff of a seaport or an airport.

(4) Conclusion

To conclude, it can be stated that federal government was empowered to suspend application of this ordinance to any establishment or industry for a period, which was not to exceed six months at a time. Federal government could do it by an order, which was to be published in official gazette, and could do it only in interest of public.

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