What is Work Council ? and also describe its functions.

Work Council

According to Industrial Relations Act, following points are important for explanation of Work Council:

(1) Constitution

(2) Representatives of employer & workmen

(3) Number of representatives

(4) Representatives of workmen

(5) Functions


(1) Constitution

In every factory/establishment in which fifty or more workmen are employed or were employed on any day in preceding twelve months, employer is to constitute a work council in prescribed manner.

(2) Representatives Of Employer & Workmen

This council consists of representatives of employer and workmen.

(3) Number Of Representatives

Number of representatives of workmen and number of representatives of employer should be equal in such council.

(4) Representatives Of Workmen

Following points are important for explanation of representatives of workmen in this council.

(i) One or more trade unions

(ii) In absence of collective bargaining agent


(i) One Or More Trade Unions

In case of any factory/establishment where there are one or more trade unions, collective bargaining agent is to nominate representatives of workmen in such council.

(ii) In Absence Of Collective Bargaining Agent

If there is no collective bargaining agent, representatives of workmen should be chosen in prescribed manner from amongst those workmen, who have been engaged in factory/establishment.

(5) Functions

Following points are important for explanation of functions of this council:

(i) Good relations

(ii) Sympathy & understanding

(iii) Differences & disputes

(iv) Security of employment

(v) Conditions of safety

(vi) Health & job satisfaction

(vii) Working conditions

(viii) Vocational training & educational facilities

(ix) Other matter of mutual interest


(i) Good Relations

It is to promote measure for securing and preserving good relation between an employer and his/her workmen.

(ii) Sympathy & Understanding

It is to maintain continuous sympathy and understanding between employer and workmen.

(iii) Differences & Disputes

It is to promote settlement of differences and disputes through bilateral negotiations.

(iv) Security Of Employment

It is to promote security of employment for workmen.

(v) Conditions Of Safety

It is to promote conditions of safety in workmen’s work.

(vi) Health & Job Satisfaction

It is to promote health and job satisfaction in workmen’s work.

(vii) Working Conditions

It is to take measures of facilitating good and harmonious working condition in factory / establishment.

(viii) Vocational Training & Educational Facilities

It is to provide vocational training and educational facilities for children of workmen so to promote their absorption in factory/establishment.

(ix) Other Matter Of Mutual Interest

It is to discuss any other matter of mutual interest with a view to promoting better labor-management relations.

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