What is White Collar Crime and Street Crime & compare and contrast between them? and which type of crime is more dangerous for society?

(1)Introduction

White collar crime is also known as socio-economic crime. White collar crime is a challenge to this concept that absence of employment is helpful to commission of crime while presence of employment is helpful to check the commission of crime. The reason is that white collar crime is a display of fraudulent scheme, corruption and commercial offences that are committed by businessmen or public officials.

(2) Definition Of White Collar Crime

It was introduced and popularized by Edwin Sutherland:

(i) Meaning

White collar crime means a non-violent crime where cheating, dishonesty and corruption are central elements.

(ii) Definition

(a) Crime By Person Of Respectable & High Social Status

White collar crime can be defined as a crime that is committed by a person of respectable and high social status in the course of his occupation.

(b) Crime By Business & Government Professionals

White collar crime can be explained as financially motivated, no-violent crime that is cornmitted in economic life by business and government professionals.

(3) Theory To Explain White Collar Crime In Pakistan

I think that Merton’s Strain theory best explains white collar crime or this type of criminal behaviour in Pakistan:

  • (a) Basic philosophy
  • (b) Five possible ways

(a) Basic Philosophy

The basic philosophy, which works behind Merton’s Strain theory, is that individual works within the structure that society has produced or individual becomes member of a deviant subculture in an attempt to achieve the socially accepted goals when social norms or socially accepted goals pressurize the individual to conform.

(b) Five Possible Ways

Merton has though mentioned five possible ways that members of American Society could used to respond to success goals, yet I consider that members of Pakistani society also use these ways to respond to success goals:

  • (b-i) Conformity
  • (b-ii) Ritualism
  • (b-iii) Innovation
  • (b-iv) Retreatism
  • (b-v) Rebellion

(b-i) Conformity

Conformist is a person, who believes in normative means for attaining goals legitimately. He follows the rules of society.

Example

An investor or businessman is economically successful due to his investment or hard work.

(b-ii) Ritualism

Ritualist is a person, who stops trying to achieve goals but believes in using legitimate means for attaining goals. He also follows the rules of society.

Example

If a person stays in a dead end job, he is ritualist.

(b-iii) Innovation

An innovator is a person, who accepts cultural goals of society but rejects the conventional methods of attaining these goals. He uses different ways to achieve the goals, and these ways are illegal.

Example

A thief is an innovator: he accepts the cultural goal of wealth, but uses illegal means to collect the wealth.

(b-iv) Retreatism

A retreatist is a person, who rejects both the cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining these goals.

Example

Drinker is a retreats because he rejects both the cultural goal and accepted means of attaining the goal: drinking is prohibited and the mean to attain alcoholic is also illegal in Pakistan.

(b-v) Rebellion

A rebel is a person, who not only rejects both the established cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining these goals, but also introduces new goals and new means of attaining these new goals to bring about revolutionary change and create a new society.

Example

Talaban are rebels in Pakistan: they have not only reject both the established cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining these goals, but also have introduced new goals and new means of attaining these new goals to bring about revolutionary change and create a new society.

(4) Comparison Or Contrast Or Differences Between White Collar Crime & Street Crime

Comparison or contrast or differences white collar crime and street crime can be explained in the following words:

  • (i) Roots
  • (ii) Victims
  • (iii) Effects
  • (iv) Concern
  • (v) Violence
  • (vi) Punishment
  • (vii) Socio-economic status
  • (viii) Elements of fear & shock
  • (ix) Violation of trust & bodily threat or injury

(i) Roots

White collar crime is root of most of crimes in the society while street crime is not root of other crimes.

(ii) Victims

Both white collar crime and street crime are not victimless, but there is a difference: white collar criminal attacks financially strong victim while street criminal attacks defenseless victim.

(iii) Effects

Both white collar crime and street crime have effects, but the intensity of their effects is different: financial and moral effects of white collar crime are more intensive. On the other hand, effects of street crime are less intensive.

(iv) Concern

There is concern in white collar crime and street crime, but their concerns are different from each other: there is financial Ancern in white collar crime. Contrary to this, safety is concern in greet crime.

(v) Violence

White collar crime is non-violent while street crime is violent in nature.

(vi) Punishment

Both white collar crime and street crime are punishable. but there is a difference: punishment of white collar crime varies from case to case, but punishment of street crime is defined and | prescribed.

(vii) Socio-Economic Status

In cases of white collar crime and street crime, the criminals have socio-economic status, but level of socio-economic status is different: in case of white collar crime, criminal has high socio-economic status. In case of street crime, socio-economic status of criminal is low.

(viii) Elements Of Fear & Shock

There are no elements of fear and shock in white collar crime whereas there are elements of fear and shock in street crime.

(ix) Violation Of Trust & Bodily Threat Or Injury

White collar crime involves violation of trust, but-street crime involves bodily threat or injury.

(5) More Dangerous Crime For Society

It is usually considered that street crime is more dangerous for the society. However, the reality is that both white collar crime and street crime are dangerous for society:

  • (i) Social & economic structure & bodily threat or injury
  • (ii) Non-violent & violent

(i) Social & Economic Structure & Bodily Threat Or Injury

White collar crime affects social and economic structure of society while street crime inflicts bodily threat or injury to another person.

(ii) Non-Violent & Violent

White collar crime is non-violent crime for financial gain of criminal, but such financial gain of criminal weakens the financial basis of society. Contrary to this, street crime is violent crime that includes physical violence and bodily harm to a person.

(6) Differences Among Occasional, Habitual, Professional & White Collar Criminals

(i) Occasional Criminal

Occasional criminal is a person, who occasionally commits crime and is not perfect or well-trained in crime:

  • (a) Non-criminal
  • (b) Temptations, compulsions or associations
  • (c) Borderland of criminal & non-criminal
  • (d) Tactful handling
  • (e) Tactless handling

(a) Non-Criminal

He is basically non-criminal and opposes crime.

(b) Temptations, Compulsions Or Associations

He is attracted to crime due to certain temptations, compulsions or associations: due to certain temptations, compulsions or associations, he feels an impulse to crime. He often fails to resist this impulse and, consequently, falls a prey to it.

(c) Borderland Of Criminal & Non-Criminal

He stands on the borderland of criminal and non-criminal.

(d) Tactful Handling

By tactful handling, he can be easily rehabilitated and kept away from crime.

(e) Tactless Handling

If he is tactlessly handled and unduly condemned, he can become full-fledged criminal.

(ii) Habitual Criminal

Habitual criminal is a person, who has developed habit of crime:

  • (a) Opportunity
  • (b) Pleasure
  • (c) Bad influences & dirty habits

(a) Opportunity

He is not totally devoted to crime. He commits crime whenever there is an opportunity for it.

(b) Pleasure

He derives certain pleasure out of crime, and this pleasure generates in him an urge to repeat the crime.

(c) Bad Influences & Dirty Habits

He does not inherit bad influences, but develops some dirty habits that force him for crime.

(iii) Professional Criminal

A habitual criminal usually becomes a professional criminal:

  • (a) Reason
  • (b) Willful & deliberate

(a) Reason

A habitual criminal becomes a professional criminal because he finds that he must devote himself to the mastery of skill and perfect the techniques of crime in order to satisfy his criminal habits.

(b) Willful & Deliberate

He is willful and deliberate in commission of crimes.

(iv) White Collar Criminal

White collar criminal is a person, who belongs to upper strata of society:

  • (a) Crime & detection
  • (b) Funds & status
  • (c) Mask of respectability
  • (d) Commission of crime

(a) Crime & Detection

He commits criminal acts abundantly and usually escapes detection.

(b) Fund & Status

He covers up his crime with the help of his ample funds and his high status in the society.

(c) Mask Of Respectability

He wears the mask of respectability, and, therefore, cannot be easily suspected of criminal intentions.

(d) Commission Of Crime

He commits white collar crime in the course of his occupation.

(7) Conclusion

It can be finally stated that white collar crime is financially motivated nonviolent crime that is committed for illegal monetary gain. It is an intentional crime, element of deception exists in it, illegal financial gain is motive behind its commission, there is no violence or threat of violence in its commission, it results in social injuries and it affects social and economic structure of society.

 

13 thoughts on “What is White Collar Crime and Street Crime & compare and contrast between them? and which type of crime is more dangerous for society?

  • December 20, 2022 at 12:16 pm
    Permalink

    I have learn some excellent stuff here. Certainly price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much attempt you set to create this type of great informative website.

    Reply
  • December 20, 2022 at 7:35 pm
    Permalink

    I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I抣l bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I’m quite sure I will learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

    Reply
    • December 23, 2022 at 8:12 pm
      Permalink

      ThankYou.
      i’ll uploaded next Articles very soon.
      keep me tuch

      Reply
  • December 21, 2022 at 6:19 pm
    Permalink

    I’m very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.

    Reply
    • December 23, 2022 at 8:10 pm
      Permalink

      ThankYou so much… please also share

      Reply
  • December 21, 2022 at 11:16 pm
    Permalink

    You can definitely see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

    Reply
    • December 23, 2022 at 8:10 pm
      Permalink

      ThankYou so much respected brother

      Reply
  • January 14, 2023 at 10:02 pm
    Permalink

    Thank you for providing me with these article examples. May I ask you a question?

    Reply
  • January 15, 2023 at 1:31 pm
    Permalink

    Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

    Reply
    • January 15, 2023 at 5:35 pm
      Permalink

      ThankYou so much…
      i’ll give me more information
      whatsapp +923001525135 Contact on this

      Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

B i l a l - T a h i r